Panther LГ¶schfahrzeug Inhaltsverzeichnis
Königsklasse: Mit bis zu PS, km/h Höchstgeschwindigkeit und bis zu l Löschmittelvolumen setzt der PANTHER 8x8 in punkto Motorleistung und. Der Panther ist ein Großflughafenlöschfahrzeug des österreichischen Feuerwehrbedarf-Herstellers Rosenbauer International AG. Von diesem Fahrzeug gibt es. Generation des Löschfahrzeuges an den Start. Weitere 7 Jahre später präsentierte Rosenbauer auf der Interschutz bereits den Panther. Panther – bereit für den Sprung ins Feuer. Speziallöschfahrzeuge vom Typ „Panther“ machen auch den Düsseldorfer Flughafen im Falle des Falles sicherer. rosenbauer panther 8x8Generation des Löschfahrzeuges an den Start. Weitere 7 Jahre später präsentierte Rosenbauer auf der Interschutz bereits den Panther. Königsklasse: Mit bis zu PS, km/h Höchstgeschwindigkeit und bis zu l Löschmittelvolumen setzt der PANTHER 8x8 in punkto Motorleistung und. rosenbauer panther 8x8
Panther LГ¶schfahrzeug VideoLEGO® Technic 42068 - Flughafen-Löschfahrzeug
The employment of a rear drive provided additional crew space and also allowed for a better slope on the front hull, which was considered important in preventing penetration by armour-piercing shells.
The MAN design embodied a more conventional configuration, with the transmission and drive sprocket in the front and a centrally mounted turret.
It had a petrol engine and eight torsion-bar suspension axles per side. Because of the torsion bar suspension and the drive shaft running under the turret basket, the MAN Panther was higher and had a wider hull than the DB design.
These multiple large, rubber-rimmed steel wheels distributed ground pressure more evenly across the track. The two designs were reviewed from January to March At the final submission, MAN refined its design, having learned from the DB proposal apparently through a leak by a former employee in the Wa Pruef 6, senior engineer Heinrich Ernst Kniepkamp and others.
Hitler approved this decision after reviewing it overnight. One of the principal reasons given for this decision was that the MAN design used an existing turret designed by Rheinmetall-Borsig , while the DB design would have required a brand new turret and engine to be designed and produced, delaying the commencement of production.
Since the Tiger had originally been designed to weigh fifty tons but as a result of Hitler's demands had gone up to fifty seven tons, we decided to develop a new thirty ton tank whose very name, Panther, was to signify greater agility.
Though light in weight, its motor was to be the same as the Tiger's, which meant it could develop superior speed. But in the course of a year Hitler once again insisted on clapping so much armor on it, as well as larger guns, that it ultimately reached forty eight tons, the original weight of the Tiger.
A mild steel prototype of the MAN design was produced by September and, after testing at Kummersdorf , was officially accepted.
It was put into immediate production. The start of production was delayed, mainly because of a shortage of specialized machine tools needed for the machining of the hull.
Finished tanks were produced in December and suffered from reliability problems as a result. The initial production target was tanks per month at the MAN plant at Nuremberg.
This was increased to per month in January Despite determined efforts, this figure was never reached due to disruption by Allied bombing, and manufacturing and resource bottlenecks.
Production in averaged per month. In , it averaged a month 3, having been built that year , peaking with in July and ending around the end of March , with at least 6, built in total.
Front-line combat strength peaked on 1 September at 2, tanks, but that same month a record number of tanks were reported lost.
The Allies directed bombing at the common chokepoint for both Panther and Tiger production: the Maybach engine plant.
A second factory had already been planned, the Auto Union Siegmar plant the former Wanderer car factory , and this came on line in May MNH was not attacked until 14 and 28 March In addition to interfering with tank production goals, the bombing forced a steep drop in the production of spare parts, which as a percentage of tank production dropped from 25—30 percent in to 8 percent in late This compounded the problems with reliability and with the numbers of operational Panthers, as tanks in the field had to be cannibalized for parts.
A Panther tank cost , Reichmarks RM to produce. These figures did not include the cost of the armament and radio. French-army studies in found that many Panthers had been sabotaged during production.
By comparison the total cost of the early production Tiger I in — has been stated to be as high as , RM. The process of streamlining the production of German armoured fighting vehicles first began after Speer became a Reichminister in early , and steadily accelerated through to ; the production of the Panther tank coincided with this period of increased manufacturing-efficiency.
At the beginning of the war, German armoured fighting vehicle manufacturers had employed labour-intensive and costly manufacturing methods unsuitable for the needs of mass production; even with streamlined production methods, Germany never approached the efficiency of Allied manufacturing during World War II.
The weight of the production model was increased to 45 tonnes from the original plans for a 35 tonne tank. Hitler was briefed thoroughly on the comparison between the MAN and DB designs in the report by Guderian's tank commission.
Armour protection appeared to be inadequate, while "the motor mounted on the rear appeared to him correct". He agreed that the "decisive factor was the possibility of quickly getting the tank into production".
The Panther was rushed into combat before all of its teething problems had been corrected. Reliability was considerably improved over time, and the Panther proved to be a very effective fighting vehicle,  but some design flaws, such as its weak final drive units, were never corrected.
The crew had five members: driver, radio operator who also fired the bow machine gun , gunner, loader, and commander.
The first Panthers were powered by a Maybach HL P30 V petrol engine, which delivered metric hp at 3, rpm and had three simple air filters.
To save aluminium, the light alloy block used in the HL was replaced by a cast iron block. Two multistage "cyclone" air filters were used to improve dust removal.
The HL P30 engine was a very compact tunnel crankcase design, and it kept the space between the cylinder walls to a minimum.
The crankshaft was composed of seven "discs" or main journals , each with an outer race of roller bearings , and a crankshaft pin between each disc.
To reduce the length of the engine by an inch or so, and reduce unbalanced rocking moment caused by a normal offset-Vee type engine , the two banks of 6 cylinders of the V were not offset — the "big ends" of the connecting rods of each cylinder pair in the "V" where they mated with the crankpin were thus at the same spot with respect to the engine block's length rather than offset; this required a "fork and blade " matched pair of connecting rods for each transversely oriented pair of cylinders.
Usually, "V"-form engines have their transversely paired cylinders' connecting rods' "big ends" simply placed side by side on the crankpin, with their transverse pairs of cylinders offset slightly to allow the connecting rod big ends to attach side by side while still being in the cylinder bore centerline.
This compact arrangement with the connecting rods was the source of considerable problems initially. Improved bearings were introduced in November An eighth crankshaft bearing was added beginning in January to reduce motor failures.
The engine compartment was designed to be watertight so that the Panther could ford water obstacles; however, this made the engine compartment poorly ventilated and prone to overheating.
The fuel connectors in early Panthers were not insulated, leading to the leakage of fuel fumes into the engine compartment, which caused engine fires.
Additional ventilation was added to draw off these gases, which only partly solved the problem of engine fires. Engine reliability improved over time.
The suspension consisted of front drive sprockets, rear idlers and eight double-interleaved rubber-rimmed steel road wheels on each side — in the so-called Schachtellaufwerk design, suspended on a dual torsion bar suspension.
The dual torsion bar system, designed by Professor Ernst Lehr, allowed for a wide travel stroke and rapid oscillations with high reliability, thus allowing for relatively high speed travel over undulating terrain.
The extra space required for the bars running across the length of the bottom of the hull, below the turret basket, increased the overall height of the tank.
When damaged by mines, the torsion bars often required a welding torch for removal. The Panther's suspension was overengineered, and the Schachtellaufwerk interleaved road wheel system made replacing inner road wheels time-consuming though it could operate with missing or broken wheels.
The interleaved wheels also had a tendency to become clogged with mud, rocks and ice, and could freeze solid overnight in the harsh winter weather that followed the autumn rasputitsa mud season on the Eastern Front.
Shell damage could cause the road wheels to jam together and become difficult to separate. The extra wheels did provide better flotation and stability, and also provided more armour protection for the thin hull sides than smaller wheels or non-interleaved wheel systems, but the complexity meant that no other country ever adopted this design for their tanks.
After a mileage of between km and km the tracks have great wear. In many cases the guide horns of the tracks bend outward or break. In 4 cases, the tracks had to be replaced when a whole series of reinforcement guide horns were broken.
Due to the constant operations as well as the shortage of spare parts, the bearing system has not been able to be maintained and repaired as it should.
E tanks. These steel-rimmed roadwheels were introduced from chassis number due to raw material shortages. From November through February , a conversion process began to use sleeve bearings in the Panther tank, as there was a shortage of ball bearings.
The sleeve bearings were primarily used in the running gear; plans were also made to convert the transmission to sleeve bearings, but were not carried out due to the ending of Panther production.
Steering was accomplished through a seven-speed AK synchromesh gearbox, designed by Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen ZF , and a MAN single radius steering system, operated by steering levers.
The driver was expected to judge the sharpness of a turn ahead of time and shift into the appropriate gear to turn the tank.
The driver could also engage the brakes on one side to force a sharper turn. The AK transmission was also capable of pivot turns, but tests showed this was possible only when the ground resistance on both tracks was the same.
The overstressed transmission system resulted in the third gear being stripped prematurely in its service life. This is sharply contrasted with accessing the Sherman transmission which only required the armor cover to be unbolted in the front.
The Panther's main weakness was its final drive unit. The problems stemmed from several factors. The original MAN proposal had called for the Panther to have an epicyclic gearing planetary system in the final drive, similar to that used in the Tiger I.
To achieve the goal of higher production rates, numerous simplifications were made to the design and its manufacture.
This process was aggressively pushed forward, sometimes against the wishes of designers and army officers, by the Chief Director of Armament and War Production, Karl-Otto Saur who worked under, and later succeeded, Reichminister Speer.
Consequently, the final drive was changed to a double spur system. Initial production Panthers had a face-hardened glacis plate the main front hull armour piece , but as armour-piercing capped rounds became the standard in all armies thus defeating the benefits of face-hardening, which caused uncapped rounds to shatter , this requirement was deleted in March By August , Panthers were being built only with a homogeneous steel glacis plate.
The combination of moderately thick and well-sloped armour meant that heavy Allied weapons, such as the Soviet mm A , mm BS-3 and US 90 mm M3  were needed to assure penetration of the upper glacis at all combat ranges.
The thinner side armour was necessary to reduce the weight, but it made the Panther vulnerable to hits from the side by all Allied tank and anti-tank guns.
German tactical doctrine for the use of the Panther emphasized the importance of flank protection. Zimmerit coating against magnetic mines started to be applied at the factory on late Ausf D models beginning in September ;  an order for field units to apply Zimmerit to older versions of the Panther was issued in November As the war progressed, Germany was forced to reduce or eliminate critical alloying metals in the production of armour plate, such as nickel, tungsten and molybdenum; this resulted in lower impact resistance levels compared to earlier armour.
The loss of molybdenum, and its replacement with other substitutes to maintain hardness, as well as a general loss of quality control, resulted in an increased brittleness in German armour plate, which developed a tendency to fracture when struck with a shell.
Testing by U. Army officers in August in Isigny, France showed catastrophic cracking of the armour plate on two out of three Panthers examined.
The main gun was a Rheinmetall-Borsig 7. While it was of a calibre common on Allied tanks, the Panther's gun was the most powerful of World War II, due to the large propellant charge and the long barrel, which gave it a very high muzzle velocity and excellent armour-piercing qualities — among Allied tank guns of similar caliber, none had equivalent muzzle energy.
The flat trajectory and accuracy of the full bore ammunition also made hitting targets much easier, since accuracy was less sensitive to errors in range estimation and increased the chance of hitting a moving target.
The tank typically had two MG 34 armoured fighting vehicle variant machine guns featuring an armoured barrel sleeve. An MG 34 machine gun was located co-axially with the main gun on the gun mantlet; an identical MG 34 was located on the glacis plate and fired by the radio operator.
Initial Ausf. D and early Ausf. A models used a "letterbox" flap enclosing its underlying thin, vertical arrowslit -like aperture, through which the machine gun was fired.
A and all Ausf. G models starting in late November-early December , a ball mount in the glacis plate with a K. D were equipped with the Nebelwurfgerät with the later Ausf.
A and Ausf. G receiving the Nahverteidigungswaffe. Its transverse-cylindrical shape meant that it was more likely to deflect shells, but the lower section created a shot trap.
If a non-penetrating hit bounced downwards off its lower section, it could penetrate the thin forward hull roof armour, and plunge down into the front hull compartment.
From September , a slightly redesigned mantlet with a flattened and much thicker lower "chin" design started to be fitted to Panther Ausf G models, the chin being intended to prevent such deflections.
Conversion to the "chin" design was gradual, and Panthers continued to be produced to the end of the war with the rounded gun mantlet.
The Ausf A model introduced a new cast armour commander's cupola, replacing the forged cupola. It featured a steel hoop to which a third MG 34 or either the coaxial or the bow machine gun could be mounted for use in the anti-aircraft role.
The first Panthers Ausf D had a hydraulic motor that could traverse the turret at a maximum rate of one complete revolution per minute, independent of engine speed.
This was improved in the Ausf A model with a hydraulic traverse powered by the engine; one full turn took 46 seconds at an engine speed of 1, rpm but only 15 seconds if the engine was running at 3, rpm.
By comparison, the M4 Sherman's electrically or electro-hydraulically traversed turret rotated at up to degrees in 15 seconds and was independent of engine speed, which gave it an advantage over the Panther in close-quarters combat.
Ammunition storage for the main gun was a weak point. All the ammunition for the main armament was stored in the hull, with a significant amount stored in the sponsons.
In the Ausf D and A models, 18 rounds were stored next to the turret on each side, for a total of 36 rounds. In the Ausf G, which had deeper sponsons, 24 rounds were stored on each side of the turret, for a total of 48 rounds.
In all models, four rounds were also stored in the left sponson between the driver and the turret. An additional 36 rounds were stored inside the hull of the Ausf D and A models — 27 in the forward hull compartment directly underneath the mantlet.
In the Ausf G, the hull ammunition storage was reduced to 27 rounds total, with 18 rounds in the forward hull compartment.
For all models, three rounds were kept under the turntable of the turret. The loader was stationed in the right side of the turret.
With the turret facing forward, he had access only to the right sponson and hull ammunition,  and so these served as the main ready-ammunition bins.
The Panther had 5 crew members, the commander, gunner, loader, driver and radio operator. The commander, loader and gunner were in the turret, While the driver and radio operator were in the hull of the vehicle.
The driver sat always on the front-left side of the tank and next to him was the tank's machine gunner whose job it was to operate the radio.
The first production Panther tanks were plagued with mechanical problems. The engine was dangerously prone to overheating and suffered from connecting rod or bearing failures.
Petrol leaks from the fuel pump or carburettor , as well as motor oil leaks from gaskets, produced fires in the engine compartment; which resulted in the total writeoff of three Panthers due to fires.
A large list of other problems were detected in these early Panthers, and so from April through May all Panthers were shipped to Falkensee and Nürnberg for a major rebuilding program.
This did not correct all of the problems, so a second program was started at Grafenwoehr and Erlangen in June Reliability improved with the Ausf.
The Panther tank was seen as a necessary component of Operation Citadel , and the attack was delayed several times because of their mechanical problems and to receive more Panthers, with the eventual start date of the battle only six days after the last Panthers had been delivered to the front.
This resulted in major problems in Panther units during the Battle of Kursk , as tactical training at the unit level, coordination by radio, and driver training were all seriously deficient.
Two were immediately lost due to motor fires on disembarking from the trains. Within two days, this had dropped to Heinz Guderian sent in the following preliminary assessment of the Panthers:.
Due to enemy action and mechanical breakdowns, the combat strength sank rapidly during the first few days.
By the evening of 10 July there were only 10 operational Panthers in the front line. Approximately 40 Panthers had already been repaired and were on the way to the front.
About 25 still had not been recovered by the repair service On the evening of 11 July, 38 Panthers were operational, 31 were total write-offs and were in need of repair.
A slow increase in the combat strength is observable. The large number of losses by hits 81 Panthers up to 10 July attests to the heavy fighting.
During Zitadelle the Panthers claimed destroyed tanks. A later report on 20 July showed 41 Panthers as operational, 85 as repairable, 16 severely damaged and needing repair in Germany, 56 burnt out because of enemy action, and two destroyed by motor fires.
Before the Germans ended their offensive at Kursk, the Soviets began their counteroffensive, and succeeded in pushing the Germans back into a steady retreat.
Thus, a report on 11 August showed that the number of total write-offs in Panthers swelled to , with only 9 operational.
The German Army was forced into a fighting retreat, and increasingly lost Panthers in combat as well as from abandoning and destroying damaged vehicles.
The Panther demonstrated its capacity to destroy any Soviet armoured fighting vehicle from long distance during the Battle of Kursk, and had a very high overall kill ratio.
Its greatest historical role in the battle may have been a highly negative one—its contribution to the decisions to delay the original start of Operation Zitadelle for a total of two months, time which the Soviets used to build up an enormous concentration of minefields, anti-tank guns, trenches and artillery defences.
The numbers of Panthers were slowly built up again on the Eastern Front, and the operational percentage increased as reliability improved.
In March Guderian reported: "Almost all the bugs have been worked out", although many units continued to report significant mechanical problems, especially with the final drive.
The highest total number of operational Panthers on the Eastern Front was achieved in September , when some were listed as operational out of a total of Throughout the rest of the war Germany continued to keep the great majority of Panther forces on the Eastern Front, where the situation progressively worsened for them.
The last recorded status, on 15 March , listed on the Eastern Front, of which were operational. In August Panthers were deployed during the Warsaw Uprising as mobile artillery and troop support.
Most of the Germans in the camp were killed; the insurgents had lost two people and liberated almost people. After several days the captured tanks were immobilized due to the lack of fuel and batteries and were set ablaze to prevent them from being recaptured.
In February during the Lower Silesian offensive operation , one captured ex-German "Panther" tank with an experienced crew from 4th Tank Corps under the command of the Hero of the Soviet Union Lt.
Ageev was used in a reconnaissance mission. At dusk, the tank passed through the forest, attacked from the flank and destroyed three enemy "Panther" tanks, but then, during the retreat to Soviet positions, it was hit by enemy artillery and damaged.
After the battle the tank was written off due to lack of spare parts and maintenance problems.
At the time of the invasion of Normandy in June , there were initially only two Panther-equipped Panzer regiments in the Western Front, with a total of Panthers between them.
From June through August , an additional seven Panther regiments were sent into France, reaching a maximum strength of in a status report dated 30 July The majority of the German tank forces in Normandy — six and a half divisions — were drawn into fighting the Anglo-Canadian forces of the 21st Army Group around the town of Caen.
The numerous operations undertaken to secure the town became collectively known as the Battle of Caen. While there were areas of heavy wooded bocage around Caen, most of the terrain was open fields which allowed the Panther to engage the attacking enemy armour at long range — its combination of superior armour and firepower allowed it to engage at distances from which the Shermans could not respond.
The British had begun converting regular M4 Shermans to carry the pounder gun nicknamed Firefly prior to the D-Day landings.
While limited numbers meant that during Normandy usually not more than one Sherman in each troop of four tanks was a Firefly variant, the lethality of the gun against German armour made them priority targets for German gunners.
In the meantime, U. Like the Sherman. Fritz Bayerlein , reported on the difficulties experienced by the Panther tank in the fighting in Normandy:.
The Sherman because of its maneuverability and height was good Long gun barrel and width of tank reduce maneuverability in village and forest fighting.
It is very front-heavy and therefore quickly wears out the front final drives, made of low-grade steel. High silhouette. Very sensitive power-train requiring well-trained drivers.
Weak side armor; tank top vulnerable to fighter-bombers. Fuel lines of porous material that allow gasoline fumes to escape into the tank interior causing a grave fire hazard.
Absence of vision slits makes defense against close attack impossible. Bayerlein still appreciated the Panther's virtues when used in the right conditions, writing "An ideal vehicle for tank battles and infantry support.
The best tank in existence for its weight". Through September and October, a series of new Panzerbrigades equipped with Panther tanks were sent into France to try to stop the Allied advance with counter-attacks.
The Panther units were newly formed, poorly trained and tactically disorganized; most units ended up stumbling into ambushes against seasoned U.
A status report on 15 December listed an all-time high of Panthers assigned to the Western Front, with operational 71 percent.
This was one day before the start of the Battle of the Bulge ; of the tanks assigned to the Western Front were in units sent into the offensive.
The Panther once again demonstrated its prowess in open country, where it could hit its targets at long range with near-impunity, and its vulnerability in the close-in fighting of the small towns of the Ardennes, where they suffered heavy losses.
Total writeoffs were listed as The Operation Greif commando mission included five Panthers assigned to Panzerbrigade , disguised to look like M10 Tank Destroyers by welding on additional plates, applying US-style camouflage paint and markings.
The disguised Panthers were detected and destroyed. In February , eight Panzer divisions with a total of Panthers were transferred from the West to the Eastern Front.
Only five Panther battalions remained in the west. By the end of the war, he had some 80 tank kills claimed. Historian Steven Zaloga observed that the Panther's performance in the Ardennes operation against American M4 Shermans was disappointing for a vehicle of its technical specifications, given the Panther boasted superior armor and armament to the Sherman.
Zaloga argues that this was down to the fact that at this point in the war, the quality of German tank crews had fallen and most Panther crews were inexperienced with minimal training.
The lack of training exacerbated the Panther's technical weaknesses poor power train durability and a lack of fuel and spare parts , resulting in many Panthers breaking down which were unable to be salvaged.
Thus while a Panther was superior to a Sherman in the hands of an experienced crew, inadequate training, coupled with Sherman numerical superiority, resulted in a poor combat performance for the vehicle during the offensive.
From , Panther turrets were mounted in fixed fortifications; some were normal production models, but most were made specifically for the task, with additional roof armour to withstand artillery fire.
They housed ammunition storage and fighting compartment along with crew quarters. A total of of these were installed in the fortifications of the Atlantic Wall and Siegfried Line Westwall , 48 in the Gothic Line and Hitler Line , 36 on the Eastern Front , and two for training and experimentation, for a total of installations by March They proved to be costly to attack, and difficult to destroy.
From 3 August , the new Panzer-Division 44 organisation called for a Panzer division to consist of one Panzer regiment with two Panzer battalions — one of 96 Panzer IVs and one of 96 Panthers.
Actual strengths tended to differ, and became far lower after losses. The first Panthers saw combat at Kursk in summer , revealing reliability issues beyond that typically expected for a new weapon system.
This was improved through ; the Panther's operational rate went from 16 percent at the end of July to 37 percent by December An improved version, the Panther Ausf.
A , entered production in August This received improvements from the Panther Ausf. D , including a better turret with a new commander's cupola and increased turret traverse speed.
More improvements began to have an effect on the combat-ready rate of the tanks deployed on the Eastern Front, which increased from 37 percent in February, to 50 percent in April, and 78 percent by the end of May General Heinz Guderian reported on 5 March The frontline reports said service life of the tank's engine had increased up from to 1,km [ to miles].
Plus, the same Panther tank-equipped units reported that failures regarding final drive, transmission and steering gears were within a suitable range.
From 6 March to 15 April , the 1. Four of their seven Panthers was still combat ready without any transmission or engine failure.
On 22 April , the same battalion reported how a good driver and commander can improve reliability:.
The vehicle was still totally operational. All items were in great condition but the tracks. The consumption of the engine has been 10ltr per km.
The vehicle was still operating with its first engine and transmission. After that report from the units, the Inspector General of Armored Troops acknowledged this in a report, at The report confirms the opinion that thanks to the continuous improvement of its components, the life of the Panther tank has increased.
The average lifespan of a Panther can now be roughly equal to that of a Panzer IV with around 1, - 2, kilometers between two major repair and maintenance processes.
Even so, in several cases, at approximately km, the gear has broken down and the boxes have had to be replaced. An example of Panther reliability appeared in the June edition of Nachrichtenblatt der Panzertruppen Armoured Troops Bulletin , from a Panther-recovery tank driver's report:.
Unteroffizier Krause of a Panther workshop platoon has driven his Panther recovery tank — Chassis No. About 1,km of this was made towing another Panther tank.
The vehicle and engine are still in great condition and operational. The Panther is inclined to catch fire quickly. The lifetime of the Panther's engines to km is much higher than the Panther's final drives.
A solution to the final drive teething is immediately needed. In September and October , a number of modifications were fitted into the final drives as countermeasures to the reported problems including worn gear teeth, parts, bearings, and insufficient lubrication.
After much development work, the first T tanks entered combat in March A Wa Pruef 1 report dated 5 October estimated that when set at a degree angle the T's upper glacis could be penetrated by the Panther's 7.
The Battle of Kursk convinced the Soviets of the need for even greater firepower. Standard doctrine for purpose-built anti-tank guns of the period universally relied on small, dense solid projectiles propelled to high velocities, optimized for punching through armor.
However, the mm HE shell would easily blow off the turret, drive sprocket and tread of the heaviest German tank even if it could not penetrate its armour  .
The SU was produced in large numbers throughout , with the first SUs being issued to new heavy mechanized gun regiments raised in May It mounted a mm gun-howitzer on the chassis of a KV-1S heavy tank.
Because of its adopted role as an impromptu heavy tank destroyer , capable of knocking out the heaviest German armoured vehicles— Tiger and Panther tanks, and Elefant tank destroyers—it was nicknamed ' Zveroboy' "Beast Slayer".
The mm HE round produced a massive blast that did not rely on velocity for its effectiveness, making them effective against any German tank, including the Panther, Tiger and Elefant.
Early , the SU tank destroyer saw extensive service, when Soviet forces defeated the German Operation Frühlingserwachen offensive at Lake Balaton.
The Western Allies were aware of the Panther and had access to technical details through the Soviets, but there was a difference in the American and British camps as to the significance of the tank.
After taking two years to catch up with German tank design in Africa, the British were wary of falling behind yet again.
They had developed the excellent pounder anti-tank gun , but did not yet have a vehicle in service that could fit this large gun into its turret.
For its part, the U. Army did not believe that the Panther would be a significant problem, and did not foresee their armoured forces having to fight pitched engagements against large numbers of Panthers.
The Panther was not seen in combat by the Western Allies until early at Anzio in Italy, where Panthers were employed in small numbers.
Until just before D-Day 6 June , the Panther was thought to be another heavy tank that would not be built in large numbers. Shortly before D-Day, Allied intelligence reported that large numbers of Panthers were being used in the panzer divisions, and an attempt was made to investigate Panther production.
Vorgestellt wurde der Panther auf der Interschutz Das Design der dritten Generation wurde mehrfach ausgezeichnet:. Die vierte Generation des Panthers wurde nach über drei Jahren Entwicklung am 7.
Juni auf der Interschutz in Hannover der Öffentlichkeit vorgestellt. Sämtliche Werfersysteme können mittels Joystick vom Fahrerhaus aus gesteuert werden.
Er hat eine Arbeitshöhe von bis zu 16,5 m Optional 20 m und eine Ausladung von 11,4 m 13,8 m. Ebenfalls kann das Fahrzeug mit Schnellangriffseinrichtungen für Kleinbrände ausgerüstet werden.
Seit wird für den Panther eine Rettungsbühne angeboten. Sie ist vor dem Fahrzeug angebracht und kann kg auf bis zu 3 m heben. Jedes Flugfeldlöschfahrzeug ist in seiner Ausstattung dem jeweiligen Einsatzort angepasst.
Somit ist eine genaue Angabe der mitgeführten Löschmittel und der Löschtechnik immer auf ein einzelnes Fahrzeug bezogen.
Bei den Zahlen 5 und 7 handelt es sich um die Designjahre und Beide gehören der dritten Design-Generation an. Seit Ende werden Volvo-Motoren verwendet.
Er kann bis zu Er basiert auf einem zweiachsigen Rosenbauer-Fahrgestell mit Allradantrieb. Es gibt ihn in drei verschiedenen Varianten.
Die erste Variante hat die Standardbreite von 3 m bzw. Er führt 1. Das Gesamtgewicht beträgt Die zweite Variante ist nur 2,49 m breit.
Er führt 6. Dieses Fahrzeug basiert auf den 2,59 m breitem RBM Er kann 5. Mit einem zulässigen Gesamtgewicht von Es gibt ihn in zwei Varianten.
Die normale Version führt 3. Das Gesamtgewicht des Fahrzeugs beträgt Die SWB-Version kann 8.
Fahrzeuge dieser Generation werden weiterhin, speziell in Amerika, gebaut.Februar markiert wurde. Ob die Tarn-Bekleidung wirklich seinen Sinn hatte oder doch nur ein einfallsreicher Werbegag Toy Story Deutsch Ganze Film, sei dahin gestellt. Und bewertet die Anschaffungskosten von rund einer Million Euro pro Fahrzeug als gut investiert. Kategorie : Feuerwehrfahrzeuge. Bewährter Standard - neue Https://eternal-kick.co/full-hd-filme-stream/ncis-new-orleans-staffel-3-deutsch.php. Ein normales Löschfahrzeug, wie es üblicherweise bei den Wehren im Einsatz ist, kann diese Teil 1 Verschwinden Das nicht Der Fluch Der. All rights visit web page. Eine Wassermenge, die mit fast jedem Brand zurechtkommt. Die gesamte Besatzung kann das Fahrzeug innerhalb von 10 Sekunden verlassen. By comparison https://eternal-kick.co/hd-filme-stream-kostenlos-ohne-anmeldung/the-world-beyond.php total cost of the early production Tiger I go here — has been stated to be as high asRM. Thus while a Panther was superior to a Sherman in the hands of an experienced Panther LГ¶schfahrzeug, inadequate training, coupled with Sherman numerical superiority, resulted in a poor combat performance for the vehicle during the offensive. Learn more here improved with the Ausf. Soviet Tanks of the Great Patriotic War. Though light https://eternal-kick.co/serien-stream-to/wenn.php weight, Zombieland 2 Stream German motor was to be the same as the Tiger's, this web page meant it could develop superior speed. Osprey Publishing Ltd. Long gun barrel and width of tank reduce maneuverability in village and forest fighting. Additional ventilation was added to draw off these gases, which only partly solved the problem of engine fires. Gurtstraffer für die Crew Reifendrucküberwachung.
Königsklasse: Mit bis zu 1. Darüber hinaus sprechen Optional: Schiebeheck für leichte Servicezugänglichkeit! Seit mehr als Jahren prüft, entwickelt und produziert Rosenbauer die gesamte Palette an Löschsystemen.
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The ergonomically optimised arrangement of the operating elements and the new design of the control handle simplify any operational situation.
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Tried and tested standard — new features. Maximum safety. Standard solutions: Crash-tested driver's cab User-optimised control panel Optional additions: Birdview camera-generated real-time view of surroundings RSC Roll Stability Control Side airbags and belt tensioner for crew Tire pressure monitoring.